Colossus of Rhodes
Sep 21, · Etymology . From Latin colossus, from Ancient Greek ???????? (kolossos, “ large statue, especially the colossus of Rhodes ”), from an unknown Pre-Greek etymon (and erroneously associated with ???????).. Pronunciation . Rhymes: ?s?s Noun . colossus (plural colossuses or colossi). A statue of gigantic size. The name was especially applied to certain famous statues. What does colossus mean? The definition of a colossus is someone or something of great size or importance or ability. (noun) A statute that is la.
A colossal eagle was found on a deserted site near Yamuli on the middle Halys, in by W. Over each, how to make a zebra puppet a much higher level, is a colossal figure of an archangel - Raphael, Michael and Gabriel. Here too was placed the curious column, with many flutes and an Ionic capital, on which stood the colossal sphinx, dedicated by the Naxians, that has been pieced together and placed in the museum.
By a colossal eruption, of mwan no historical record remains, the upper half of the cone was blown away. Home Dictionary Meanings Colossal. Filters 0. Extremely large or on a great scale. A single puppy can make a colossal mess. Of great size, extent, or amount; immense. The definition of colossal is something massive in size.
Machu Picchu is an example of a colossal ancient ruin. Of great scope or consequence; monumental. Astonishingly great; extraordinary. Like a colossus in size; huge; gigantic. Origin of colossal. French from Latin colossus colossus colossus. Colossal Sentence Examples. You must think I'm a colossal liar.
Related articles. William Rimmer Ictinus. Words near colossal colodsus the Dictionary.
Sep 28, · The other words are from Latin: "incendo" means "set on fire" ("incense" is called that because it gets burned): "sacrosanct" is a combination of two related words, "sacer" and "sanctus," both meaning "holy" in slightly different ways; and "intercept" comes from "intercipio," literally meaning "take [from] between" and thus meaning to take by. colossorum (Latin) Noun colossorum Inflection of colossus colossos (Catalan) Pronunciation IPA: /ku??osus/ Rhymes: colossum (Latin) Noun colossum Inflection of colossus (accusative colossus (English) Origin & history From Latin colossus, from colossuses (English) Alternative forms colossi Noun colossuses. ‘The Colossus of Rameses is an enormous statue carved in limestone.’ ‘Few details are known of the original Colossus of Rhodes, which was built by a local sculptor between and BC and whose face was reputedly modelled on that of Alexander the Great.’.
Lorenz AG. Tunny sent its messages in binary code —packets of zeroes and ones resembling the binary code used inside present-day computers. Tunny encrypted top-level messages from Hitler and his army high command in Berlin. The messages went by radio to the field marshals and generals fighting at the battlefronts in Europe and North Africa. After a lengthy struggle, British code breakers broke the new cipher in , and it was soon realized that Tunny rivaled, or even exceeded, Enigma in importance.
Colossus was built to carry out a fundamental stage of the Tunny code-breaking process—at electronic speed. The Tunny machine, operating in conjunction with a teleprinter, would encrypt whatever German message was typed at the teleprinter keyboard. The teleprinter itself changed each keyboard letter or character into 5-bit teleprinter code, much as a modern computer keyboard converts typed letters into binary code.
For example, A was transformed into and B into The blending process produced what looked like random jumbles of letters. In January , seven months after Tunny transmissions were first picked up, Bletchley Park code breaker William Tutte managed to unmask systematic patterns in the messages.
For example, blending A and B together always produced the same scrambled pattern , the teleprinter code for G. The crux to decrypting a message was discovering the letters of key that the machine had used to encrypt it.
Tunny messages were soon being broken by hand, using a method invented by mathematician Alan Turing for deducing the letters of key. It became clear that high-speed analytic machines were required. One tape contained the message to be broken, and the other contained possible sequences of key letters in teleprinter code.
Named after a famous British cartoonist who drew overly ingenious contrivances, Heath Robinson was slow and unreliable. Keeping the two tapes accurately synchronized at high speeds proved very difficult. After three months of experimentation and improvement, Robinson could analyze no more than two or three Tunny messages a week.
A faster and more reliable machine was needed. Flowers, who had pioneered the application of electronics to telephone transmission systems, quickly realized that he could build an all-electronic machine far superior to Robinson.
He planned an information processor containing almost 2, electronic valves—then a colossal number—knowing that this machine would be very much faster than Robinson, with its few dozen valves. Unlike Robinson, but like modern computers, his brilliantly innovative design used a clock pulse to time and synchronize the processing steps.
Electronic valves were believed to be too unreliable for use in such large numbers. Fortunately, though, Flowers won the support of W.
Flowers ingeniously did away with one of the two input tapes needed by Robinson, which meant that the problem of synchronizing two tapes simply vanished. Flowers said the Bletchley Park code breakers could hardly believe their eyes when they saw Colossus for the first time.
Operating at 5, characters per second, it was soon analyzing over messages a week. Not content to leave things there, Flowers used parallel processing in the Mark II Colossi to push up the speed to an incredible 25, characters per second. Videos Images. Additional Info. More About Contributors Article History. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies.
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See Article History. Funding for this code-breaking machine came from the Ultra project. Britannica Quiz. Computers and Technology Quiz. Computers host websites composed of HTML and send text messages as simple as Hack into this quiz and let some technology tally your score and reveal the contents to you.
Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Subscribe Now. Witness the working of the Colossus, the world's first programmable electronic computer with the help of a replica. An overview of Colossus, the world's first large-scale electronic computer. Load Next Page.