Mar 04, · Easter Sunday, April 20 Photo by Peteris Easter (Easter Sunday) or Pascha is the oldest and most important Christian feast, celebrating the Resurrection of Jesus Christ on the third day after his crucifixion, as described in the New Testament. Jun 05, · Easter Easter for the year is celebrated/ observed on Sunday, April 20th. Easter also called Resurrection Sunday or Pascha is one of the most important days in the Christian faith commemorating the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead according to the New Testament.
Protect your website with Sucuri! Note: Click here for Easter messages. The Jewish calendar year begins how to get marriage license in nc late September or early October with the celebration of Rosh Hashana.
Unlike our calendar 0214 is based on the solar year, the Jewish calendar uses dau lunar months of 29 to how to make lego explosions days in length.
The new moon marks the beginning of each month with the full moon occuring halfway through the month. The seventh month in a normal Jewish calendar year is the month of Nisan also called Abib in the Old Testament. Passover is celebrated on the 14th day of Nisan at the time of the full moon. Easter is observed kn the first Sunday following the full moon that comes on or after the vernal equinox March Thus Easter can take place as early as March 22 but no later than April This full moon is normally the full moon which takes place on the 14th day of Nisan.
Thus in most years Easter is celebrated on the Sunday following Passover. Every two or three years the Jewish calendar requires the adjustment of a leap year.
During a Jewish leap year an additional month of 29 days is inserted before xay month of Nisan. How to make chaga mushroom extract additional month is needed because the Jewish calendar year easte less days than the solar year and begins to slip out of gear with the seasons. The extra month thus realigns the Jewish calendar year with the seasons of the solar year.
This is znd because the Jewish holidays are closely related to the seasons. For example, the Torah commands that Passover be celebrated in the spring.
Every so often the Jewish leap year will push Passover so far into April that a second full moon following the vernal equinox would appear before the Sunday following Passover. This happens anytime the Sunday following Passover falls later than April 25th on our calendar. On those rare occasions Easter is celebrated the month before Passover rather than the Sunday following Passover. The early church was faced with the following conflict in dates: Jesus rose on a Sunday, but Passover can fall on various days of the week.
So the early church saw two options:. Although the issue was hotly debated and variously practiced during the first centuries of the church, the Council of Nicea in A. Since the Second Vatican Council in there has been new discussion wbat fixing the date of Eastwr on a set Sunday such as the first or second Sunday in April. However, no progress has been made thus far towards such a change. As a result, in most years the Orthodox Easter follows the Western Easter by one or more weeks, although in some years the dates coincide.
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3rd Quarter. Disable moonphases. Some holidays and dates are color-coded: Red –Federal Holidays and Sundays. Gray –Typical Non-working Days. Black–Other Days. Local holidays are not listed. The year is a common year, with days in total. Calendar type: Gregorian calendar. When Was Easter Sunday in ? In the year , Easter Sunday fell on: April 20th. Find Out When Easter Sunday Is In Other Years. Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter ; Easter. When is Easter? Easter usually comes in the month of April. However, Easter can fall as early as March 22 or as late as April Easter Day in falls on Sunday 20 April.
Easter , [nb 1] also called Pascha Aramaic , Greek , Latin [nb 2] or Resurrection Sunday , [nb 3] is a Christian festival and cultural holiday commemorating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day after his burial following his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary c.
Most Christians refer to the week before Easter as " Holy Week ", which contains the days of the Easter Triduum , including Maundy Thursday , commemorating the Maundy and Last Supper ,   as well as Good Friday , commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus. In Eastern Christianity , the Paschal season begins on Pascha and ends with the coming of the 40th day, the Feast of the Ascension.
Easter and its related holidays are moveable feasts , not falling on a fixed date in the Gregorian or Julian calendars which follow only the cycle of the Sun; its date is computed based on a lunisolar calendar similar to the Hebrew calendar.
The First Council of Nicaea established two rules, independence from the Hebrew calendar and worldwide uniformity, which were the only rules for Easter explicitly laid down by the council. No details for the computation were specified; these were worked out in practice, a process that took centuries and generated a number of controversies.
It has come to be the first Sunday after the ecclesiastical full moon that occurs on or soonest after 21 March. In most European languages the feast is called by the words for passover in those languages; and in the older English versions of the Bible the term Easter was the term used to translate passover. The word originally denoted the Jewish festival known in English as Passover , commemorating the Jewish Exodus from slavery in Egypt. The supernatural resurrection from the dead of Jesus, which Easter celebrates, is one of the chief tenets of the Christian faith.
Easter is linked to Passover and the Exodus from Egypt recorded in the Old Testament through the Last Supper , sufferings , and crucifixion of Jesus that preceded the resurrection. Paul states, "Get rid of the old yeast that you may be a new batch without yeast—as you really are. For Christ, our Passover lamb, has been sacrificed";  this refers to the Passover requirement to have no yeast in the house and to the allegory of Jesus as the Paschal lamb.
The first Christians, Jewish and Gentile , were certainly aware of the Hebrew calendar. Perhaps the earliest extant primary source referring to Easter is a mid-2nd-century Paschal homily attributed to Melito of Sardis , which characterizes the celebration as a well-established one.
While martyrs' days usually the individual dates of martyrdom were celebrated on fixed dates in the local solar calendar, the date of Easter was fixed by means of the local Jewish  lunisolar calendar.
This is consistent with the celebration of Easter having entered Christianity during its earliest, Jewish, period , but does not leave the question free of doubt. The ecclesiastical historian Socrates Scholasticus attributes the observance of Easter by the church to the perpetuation of its custom, "just as many other customs have been established", stating that neither Jesus nor his Apostles enjoined the keeping of this or any other festival.
Although he describes the details of the Easter celebration as deriving from local custom, he insists the feast itself is universally observed. Easter and the holidays that are related to it are moveable feasts , in that they do not fall on a fixed date in the Gregorian or Julian calendars both of which follow the cycle of the sun and the seasons. Instead, the date for Easter is determined on a lunisolar calendar similar to the Hebrew calendar. The First Council of Nicaea established two rules, independence of the Jewish calendar and worldwide uniformity, which were the only rules for Easter explicitly laid down by the Council.
See also Computus and Reform of the date of Easter. In particular, the Council did not decree that Easter must fall on Sunday. This was already the practice almost everywhere.
In Western Christianity , using the Gregorian calendar, Easter always falls on a Sunday between 22 March and 25 April,  within about seven days after the astronomical full moon. Eastern Christianity bases its calculations on the Julian Calendar. Because of the thirteen-day difference between the calendars between and , 21 March corresponds, during the 21st century, to 3 April in the Gregorian Calendar. Easter therefore varies between 4 April and 8 May in the Gregorian calendar the Julian calendar is no longer used as the civil calendar of the countries where Eastern Christian traditions predominate.
Also, because the Julian "full moon" is always several days after the astronomical full moon, the eastern Easter is often later, relative to the visible Moon's phases, than western Easter. Among the Oriental Orthodox some churches have changed from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar and the date for Easter as for other fixed and moveable feasts is the same as in the Western church. In , Bede succinctly wrote, "The Sunday following the full Moon which falls on or after the equinox will give the lawful Easter.
The full moon referred to called the Paschal full moon is not an astronomical full moon, but the 14th day of a lunar month. Another difference is that the astronomical equinox is a natural astronomical phenomenon, which can fall on 19, 20 or 21 March,  while the ecclesiastical date is fixed by convention on 21 March.
In applying the ecclesiastical rules, Christian churches use 21 March as the starting point in determining the date of Easter, from which they find the next full moon, etc. Their starting point in determining the date of Orthodox Easter is also 21 March but according to the Julian reckoning, which in the current century corresponds to 3 April in the Gregorian calendar. In addition, the lunar tables of the Julian calendar are five behind those of the Gregorian calendar.
Therefore, the Julian computation of the Paschal full moon is a full five days later than the astronomical full moon. The result of this combination of solar and lunar discrepancies is divergence in the date of Easter in most years see table. Easter is determined on the basis of lunisolar cycles.
The lunar year consists of day and day lunar months, generally alternating, with an embolismic month added periodically to bring the lunar cycle into line with the solar cycle.
In each solar year 1 January to 31 December inclusive , the lunar month beginning with an ecclesiastical new moon falling in the day period from 8 March to 5 April inclusive is designated as the paschal lunar month for that year. Easter is the third Sunday in the paschal lunar month, or, in other words, the Sunday after the paschal lunar month's 14th day.
The 14th of the paschal lunar month is designated by convention as the Paschal full moon , although the 14th of the lunar month may differ from the date of the astronomical full moon by up to two days. The Gregorian calculation of Easter was based on a method devised by the Calabrian doctor Aloysius Lilius or Lilio for adjusting the epacts of the Moon,  and has been adopted by almost all Western Christians and by Western countries which celebrate national holidays at Easter.
This was designed to match exactly the Gregorian calculation. The precise date of Easter has at times been a matter of contention. By the later 2nd century, it was widely accepted that the celebration of the holiday was a practice of the disciples and an undisputed tradition.
The Quartodeciman controversy, the first of several Easter controversies , arose concerning the date on which the holiday should be celebrated. The Roman province of Asia was Quartodeciman, while the Roman and Alexandrian churches continued the fast until the Sunday following the Sunday of Unleavened Bread , wishing to associate Easter with Sunday.
Neither Polycarp nor Anicetus persuaded the other, but they did not consider the matter schismatic either, parting in peace and leaving the question unsettled. Controversy arose when Victor , bishop of Rome a generation after Anicetus, attempted to excommunicate Polycrates of Ephesus and all other bishops of Asia for their Quartodecimanism. According to Eusebius, a number of synods were convened to deal with the controversy, which he regarded as all ruling in support of Easter on Sunday.
Victor's attempted excommunication was apparently rescinded, and the two sides reconciled upon the intervention of bishop Irenaeus and others, who reminded Victor of the tolerant precedent of Anicetus. Quartodecimanism seems to have lingered into the 4th century, when Socrates of Constantinople recorded that some Quartodecimans were deprived of their churches by John Chrysostom  and that some were harassed by Nestorius. It is not known how long the Nisan 14 practice continued.
But both those who followed the Nisan 14 custom, and those who set Easter to the following Sunday had in common the custom of consulting their Jewish neighbors to learn when the month of Nisan would fall, and setting their festival accordingly. By the later 3rd century, however, some Christians began to express dissatisfaction with the custom of relying on the Jewish community to determine the date of Easter. The chief complaint was that the Jewish communities sometimes erred in setting Passover to fall before the Northern Hemisphere spring equinox.
Because of this dissatisfaction with reliance on the Jewish calendar, some Christians began to experiment with independent computations.
This controversy between those who advocated independent computations, and those who wished to continue the custom of relying on the Jewish calendar, was formally resolved by the First Council of Nicaea in , which endorsed changing to an independent computation by the Christian community in order to celebrate in common. This effectively required the abandonment of the old custom of consulting the Jewish community in those places where it was still used.
Epiphanius of Salamis wrote in the mid-4th century:. They passed certain ecclesiastical canons at the council besides, and at the same time decreed in regard to the Passover that there must be one unanimous concord on the celebration of God's holy and supremely excellent day.
For it was variously observed by people . That the older custom called "protopaschite" by historians did not at once die out, but persisted for a time, is indicated by the existence of canons  and sermons  against it.
Dionysius Exiguus , and others following him, maintained that the Bishops assembled at the Nicene Council had specified a particular method of determining the date of Easter; subsequent scholarship has refuted this tradition.
It took a while for the Alexandrian rules to be adopted throughout Christian Europe, however. The 8-year cycle originally employed was replaced by or by the time of Augustalis 's treatise on the measurement of Easter, after which Rome used his year lunisolar calendar cycle until It then switched to an adaptation by Victorius of the Alexandrian rules.
Because this Victorian cycle differed from the Alexandrian cycle in the dates of some of the Paschal Full Moons, and because it tried to respect the Roman custom of fixing Easter to the Sunday in the week of the 16th to the 22nd of the lunar month rather than the 15th to the 21st as at Alexandria , by providing alternative "Latin" and "Greek" dates in some years, occasional differences in the date of Easter as fixed by Alexandrian rules continued.
Early Christians in Britain and Ireland also used an year cycle. From the 5th century onward this cycle set its equinox to 25 March and fixed Easter to the Sunday falling in the 14th to the 20th of the lunar month inclusive.
Churches in western continental Europe used a late Roman method until the late 8th century during the reign of Charlemagne , when they finally adopted the Alexandrian method. Since , when the Catholic Church adopted the Gregorian calendar while most of Europe used the Julian calendar , the date on which Easter is celebrated has again differed.
The Greek island of Syros , whose population is divided almost equally between Catholics and Orthodox, is one of the few places where the two Churches share a common date for Easter, with the Catholics accepting the Orthodox date—a practice helping considerably in maintaining good relations between the two communities.
In the 20th century, some individuals and institutions have propounded changing the method of calculating the date for Easter, the most prominent proposal being the Sunday after the second Saturday in April. Despite having some support, proposals to reform the date have not been implemented. The original form of this calendar would have determined Easter using precise astronomical calculations based on the meridian of Jerusalem.
The revised Easter computation that had been part of the original agreement was never permanently implemented in any Orthodox diocese. In the United Kingdom, the Easter Act set out legislation to change the date of Easter to be the first Sunday after the second Saturday in April or, in other words, the Sunday in the period from 9 to 15 April.
However, the legislation has not been implemented, although it remains on the Statute book and could be implemented subject to approval by the various Christian churches. At a summit in Aleppo , Syria, in , the World Council of Churches WCC proposed a reform in the calculation of Easter which would have replaced the present divergent practices of calculating Easter with modern scientific knowledge taking into account actual astronomical instances of the spring equinox and full moon based on the meridian of Jerusalem, while also following the tradtion of Easter being on the Sunday following the full moon.
The reform was proposed for implementation starting in , and despite repeated calls for reform, it was not ultimately adopted by any member body. In January , Christian churches again considered agreeing on a common, universal date for Easter, while also simplifying the calculation of that date, with either the second or third Sunday in April being popular choices.
The WCC presented comparative data of the relationships:. In Western Christianity , Easter is preceded by Lent , a period of fasting and penitence in preparation for Easter, which begins on Ash Wednesday and lasts 40 days not counting Sundays. The week before Easter, known as Holy Week , is very special in the Christian tradition. Many churches begin celebrating Easter late in the evening of Holy Saturday at a service called the Easter Vigil.
Easter Monday a public holiday in many countries , Easter Tuesday a much less widespread public holiday , etc. Easter Saturday is therefore the Saturday after Easter Sunday. The day before Easter is properly called Holy Saturday. Eastertide , or Paschaltide, the season of Easter, begins on Easter Sunday and lasts until the day of Pentecost , seven weeks later.
In Eastern Christianity , the spiritual preparation for Easter begins with Great Lent , which starts on Clean Monday and lasts for 40 continuous days including Sundays.
The Vespers which begins Lazarus Saturday officially brings Great Lent to a close, although the fast continues through the following week. The Paschal Vigil begins with the Midnight Office , which is the last service of the Lenten Triodion and is timed so that it ends a little before midnight on Holy Saturday night. The week which begins on Easter Sunday is called Bright Week , during which there is no fasting, even on Wednesday and Friday.
The Afterfeast of Easter lasts 39 days, with its Apodosis leave-taking on the day before the Feast of the Ascension. Pentecost Sunday is the 50th day from Easter counted inclusively.