County (United States)
We have found the county you live in using your general area. For the exact county you live in please share your location. You can also find the county by searching an address or by clicking on the map. The county borders are displayed on the map. Searching for a city may not give you a result. If this is the case, click within the city limits. 61 rows · The most extensive county or county-equivalent is the Yukon–Koyukuk Census Area, .
The U. Each county serves as the local level of government within its iis. Although Indiana was ni into the United States since the Northwest Ordinance inits land was not always available for settlement.
The remainder of Indiana land was acquired by Indian Removal Acts and purchases by treaty between and All or most what county is it in 35 counties were eventually carved from the area. The oldest counties are generally in the south near the Ohio Riverwhereas newer ones were in the north in how to open cr2 photos acquired later. Many of the final counties were formed subsequent to the acquisition and break up of the Big Miami Reserve encompassing present day Howard County and parts of surrounding counties between and The oldest jn newest counties in Indiana are Knox Countycreated inand Newton Countycreated in As of the United States Censusthe population of Indiana was 6,, the average population of Indiana's 92 counties is 70, with Marion County as the most populous, and Ohio County 6, the least.
The average land area is square miles 1, km 2. County government in Indiana consists of two bodies, the county council and the commissioners. Whta Indiana counhy are named for United States Founding Fathers and personalities of the American Revolutionary Warthe War of and Battle of Tippecanoe ; early leaders of Indiana Territory and Indiana, as well as surrounding states like Michigan and Kentucky ; plus Native American tribes and geographical features.
Indiana's code is 18, which when combined with any county code would be written as 18XXX. The FIPS code for each county links to census data for that county. What county is it in Indiana, the most commonly seen us associated with counties is the state county code, which is a sequential number based on the alphabetical order of the county. It has been used on automobile license plates since It first held a prominent place on the left side of the plates as part of the license plate number until the year when it was wnat above the serial number and when ehat was moved to the lower right corner.
On license plates, county codes 93, 95, and were also used for Marion County what is the 19th amendment addition to These additional numbers ceased to be i as of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
See also: List of United States counties and county-equivalents. List of counties in Indiana, United I. La Porte. Elk- hart. La- Grange. Mar- shall. Kosci- usko. De Kalb. Mi- ami. Wa- bash. Hunting- ton. Tippe- canoe. Black- ford. Foun- tain. Mont- gomery. Madi- son. Dela- ware. Put- nam.
Hen- dricks. Han- cock. John- son. Mon- ot. Bartho- lomew. Mar- tin. Law- rence. Jack- son. Washing- ton. Craw- ford. Harri- son. County government. Indiana portal. Retrieved June 1, How to farm plastids in warframe Legislature.
Retrieved December 28, National Institute of Standards and Technology. Archived from i original on Coujty 29, Retrieved April 11, February 28, Retrieved February 23, Indiana Historical Bureau. Retrieved January 4, January 4, Census Bureau.
Archived from ckunty original on February 10, Funk, p. History of Hendricks County, Indiana. BF Brown Co. Retrieved 4 October ig State of Indiana. Indianapolis capital. Seal of Indiana. Lists of United States counties and county equivalents. District of Columbia. Virgin Islands. United States Minor Outlying Islands. Categories : Lists of counties of the United States by state Indiana geography-related lists Indiana counties.
Hidden categories: Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Lake Porter La Porte St.
Adams New Purchase. President John Quincy Adams. John AllenKentucky state senator . Joseph Bartholomewa hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe .
Thomas H. BentonU. Senator from Missouri. Adams and Wabash New Purchases. General Jacob Brownhero of the War of . Charles Carrollsigner of the Declaration of Independence. Secretary of State. Speaker of the House Henry Clay. William Crawfordsurveyor of the Midwest and hero of the Indian Wars. Joseph Hamilton Daveiss hero of the Battle of Tippecanoe. Secretary of War Henry Dearborn.
Commodore Stephen Decaturhero of the War of
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93 rows · Indiana's code is 18, which when combined with any county code would be written as . 25 rows · There are 24 counties and county-equivalents in the U.S. state of victorsfc.com an . The last county to be initially created was Kenedy County in , but Loving County is the newest organized county; it was first organized in in an apparent scheme to defraud, abolished in , then reorganized in Most of these recent counties.
In the United States , a county is an administrative or political subdivision of a state that consists of a geographic region with specific boundaries and usually some level of governmental authority.
The specific governmental powers of counties vary widely between the states. Counties have significant functions in all states except Rhode Island and Connecticut , where county governments have been abolished but the entities remain for administrative or statistical purposes.
Massachusetts has removed most government functions from eight of its 14 counties. County populations also vary widely: in according to the Census Bureau more than half the U. The number of counties per state ranges from the three counties of Delaware to the counties of Texas. Most counties have subdivisions which may include townships , municipalities and unincorporated areas. Others have no further divisions, or may serve as a consolidated city-county where a city and a county have been merged into a unified jurisdiction.
Some municipalities are in multiple counties ; New York City is uniquely partitioned into five counties, referred to at the city government level as boroughs. Conversely, the independent cities of the states of Virginia , Maryland , Missouri , and Nevada are municipalities that do not legally belong to any county, but may still function as if they were consolidated city-counties.
The United States Census Bureau uses the term "county equivalent" to describe places that are comparable to counties, but called by different names. Louisiana parishes, the organized boroughs of Alaska, independent cities, and the District of Columbia are equivalent to counties for administrative purposes. Alaska's Unorganized Borough , a ,square-mile , km 2 area that has no county equivalent government, is further divided into 11 census areas that are statistically equivalent to counties.
Territories of the United States do not have counties; instead, the United States Census Bureau also divides them into county equivalents.
The U. Census Bureau counts American Samoa 's districts and atolls as county-equivalents. Census Bureau. As of [update] , there are currently 3, counties and county-equivalents in the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
The origin of the American counties are in the counties of England. English after British colonists brought to their colonies in North America a political subdivision that they already used in the British metropole : the counties.
Counties were among the earliest units of local government established in the Thirteen Colonies that would become the United States. Virginia created the first counties in order to ease the administrative workload in Jamestown.
Mary's , in , and Massachusetts followed in Pennsylvania and New York delegated significant power and responsibility from the colony government to county governments and thereby established a pattern for most of the United States, although counties remained relatively weak in New England.
When independence came, "the framers of the Constitution did not provide for local governments. Rather, they left the matter to the states. Subsequently, early state constitutions generally conceptualized county government as an arm of the state. In some states, these powers are partly or mostly devolved to the counties' smaller divisions usually called townships , though in New York, New England and Wisconsin they are called "towns".
The county may or may not be able to override its townships on certain matters, depending on state law. The newest county in the United States is the city and county of Broomfield, Colorado , established in as a consolidated city-county , previously part of four counties.
A consolidated city-county is simultaneously a city, which is a municipality municipal corporation , and a county, which is an administrative division of a state, having the powers and responsibilities of both types of entities. There are 40 consolidated city-counties in the U. Similarly, some of Alaska 's boroughs have merged with their principal cities creating unified city-boroughs.
Some such consolidations and mergers have created cities that rank among the geographically largest cities in the world, though often with population densities far below those of most urban areas. The term county equivalents is used by the United States Census Bureau to describe divisions that are comparable to counties but called by different names: . Consolidated city-counties are not designated county-equivalents for administrative purposes; since both the city and the county at least nominally exist, they are properly classified as counties in their own right.
There are technically no counties in U. American Samoa has its own counties , but the U. Census Bureau does not count them as counties instead, the U. Census Bureau counts American Samoa's three districts and two atolls as county equivalents. Census Bureau counts the 3 main islands in the U.
Virgin Islands of which there are 2 as county-equivalents. Common sources of county names are names of people, geographic features, places in other states or countries, and animals.
Quite a few counties bear names of Native American , French, or Spanish origin. Counties are most often named for people, often political figures or early settlers, with over 2, of the 3, total so named. The most common county name, with 31, is Washington County , for America's first president, George Washington. Jefferson County , for Thomas Jefferson , is next with The most recent president to have a county named for him was Warren G.
Harding , reflecting the slowing rate of county creation since New Mexico and Arizona became states in The most common names for counties not named after a president are Franklin 25 , Clay 18 , and Montgomery After people, the next most common source of county names are geographic features and locations, with some counties even being named after counties in other states, or for places in countries such as the United Kingdom.
The most common geographic county name is Lake. Words from Native American languages, as well as the names of Native American leaders and tribes, lend their names to many counties. The county's equivalent in the state of Louisiana, the parish Fr. Before the Louisiana Purchase and granting of statehood, government was often administered in towns where major church parishes were located. Of the original 19 civil parishes of Louisiana that date from statehood in , nine were named after the Roman Catholic parishes from which they were governed.
The structure and powers of a county government may be defined by the general law of the state or by a charter specific to that county. States may allow only general-law counties, only charter counties, or both. Generally, general-law local governments have less autonomy than chartered local governments. Counties are usually governed by an elected body, variously called the county commission , board of supervisors , commissioners' court , county council , board of chosen freeholders , county court , or county Legislature.
In some counties, day-to-day operations are overseen by an elected county executive or by a chief administrative officer or county administrator who reports to the board, the mayor, or both.
In many states, the board in charge of a county holds powers that transcend all three traditional branches of government. It has the legislative power to enact ordinances for the county; it has the executive power to oversee the executive operations of county government; and it has quasi-judicial power with regard to certain limited matters such as hearing appeals from the planning commission if one exists.
In many states, several important officials are elected separately from the board of commissioners or supervisors and cannot be fired by the board. These positions may include county clerk , county treasurer , county surrogate, sheriff , and others. District attorneys or state attorneys are usually state-level as opposed to county-level officials, but in many states, counties and state judicial districts have coterminous boundaries.
The site of a county's administration, and often the county courthouse , is generally called the county seat "parish seat" in Louisiana, "borough seat" in Alaska, or " shire town " in several New England counties. The county seat usually resides in a municipality. However, some counties may have multiple seats or no seat. In some counties with no incorporated municipalities, a large settlement may serve as the county seat.
The power of county governments varies widely from state to state, as does the relationship between counties and incorporated cities. The powers of counties arise from state law and vary widely. At the other extreme, Maryland counties and the county-equivalent City of Baltimore handle almost all services, including public education , although the state retains an active oversight authority with many of these services.
In most Midwestern and Northeastern states, counties are further subdivided into townships or towns , which sometimes exercise local powers or administration.
Throughout the United States, counties may contain other independent, self-governing municipalities. In New England, counties function at most as judicial court districts and sheriff's departments presently, in Connecticut only as judicial court districts—and in Rhode Island , they have lost both those functions and most others but they are still used by the United States Census Bureau and some other federal governmental agency's for some federal functions , and most of the governmental authority below the state level is in the hands of towns and cities.
In several of Maine's sparsely populated counties, small towns rely on the county for law enforcement, and in New Hampshire several social programs are administered at the state level. In Connecticut, Rhode Island, and parts of Massachusetts, counties are now only geographic designations, and they do not have any governmental powers.
All government is either done at the state level or at the municipal level. In Connecticut and parts of Massachusetts, regional councils have been established to partially fill the void left behind by the abolished county governments. In the Mid-Atlantic and Midwest , counties typically provide, at a minimum, courts, public utilities , libraries, hospitals, public health services, parks, roads, law enforcement, and jails.
There is usually a county registrar, recorder, or clerk the exact title varies who collects vital statistics , holds elections sometimes in coordination with a separate elections office or commission , and prepares or processes certificates of births, deaths, marriages, and dissolutions divorce decrees.
The county recorder normally maintains the official record of all real estate transactions. In most states, the county sheriff is the chief law enforcement officer in the county. However, except in major emergencies where clear chains of command are essential, the county sheriff normally does not directly control the police departments of city governments, but merely cooperates with them e.
Thus, the most common interaction between county and city law enforcement personnel is when city police officers deliver suspects to sheriff's deputies for detention or incarceration in the county jail. In most states, the state courts and local law enforcement are organized and implemented along county boundaries, but nearly all of the substantive and procedural law adjudicated in state trial courts originates from the state legislature and state appellate courts.
In other words, most criminal defendants are prosecuted for violations of state law, not local ordinances, and if they, the district attorney, or police seek reforms to the criminal justice system, they will usually have to direct their efforts towards the state legislature rather than the county which merely implements state law. A typical criminal defendant will be arraigned and subsequently indicted or held over for trial before a trial court in and for a particular county where the crime occurred, kept in the county jail if he is not granted bail or cannot make bail , prosecuted by the county's district attorney, and tried before a jury selected from that county.
But long-term incarceration is rarely a county responsibility, execution of capital punishment is never a county responsibility, and the state's responses to prisoners' appeals are the responsibility of the state attorney general , who has to defend before the state appellate courts the prosecutions conducted by locally elected district attorneys in the name of the state.
Furthermore, county-level trial court judges are officers of the judicial branch of the state government rather than county governments. In many states, the county controls all unincorporated lands within its boundaries. In states with a township tier, unincorporated land is controlled by the townships. Residents of unincorporated land who are dissatisfied with county-level or township-level resource allocation decisions can attempt to vote to incorporate as a city , town , or village.
A few counties directly provide public transportation themselves, usually in the form of a simple bus system. However, in most counties, public transportation is provided by one of the following: a special district that is coterminous with the county but exists separately from the county government , a multi-county regional transit authority, or a state agency. In western and southern states, more populated counties provide many facilities, such as airports, convention centers , museums, recreation centers , beaches, harbors, zoos, clinics, law libraries , and public housing.
They provide services such as child and family services, elder services, mental health services, welfare services, veterans assistance services, animal control , probation supervision, historic preservation, food safety regulation, and environmental health services. They have many additional officials like public defenders , arts commissioners, human rights commissioners, and planning commissioners.