Psychology and its branches
The Major Branches of Psychology. Overview. Each branch or field looks at questions and problems from a different perspective. While each has its own focus on psychological problems or Abnormal Psychology. Behavioral Psychology. Biopsychology. Clinical Psychology. Jan 31, · The important pure branches are: a. General psychology: This branch deals with the fundamental rules, principles and theories of psychology in relation to the study of behaviour of normal adult human beings. It explains various psychological processes like sensations, perceptions, emotions, learning, intelligence, personality, etc. b.
Choosing to pursue a career in psychology means you get to select from a number of different options. These career paths are generally organized into ten branches of psychology. Since there are so many different areas of psychology to study, it can be a bit overwhelming deciding on which one to what movie does walle watch as a career path.
Organizing psychological fields into these ten branches will help you to better define each branch of psychology, so you can see which one is the right fit for you. Presented information and data are subject to change.
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Feb 01, · Psychology is the study of behavior and the mind. There are different types of psychology, such as cognitive, forensic, social, and developmental psychology. A person with a condition that affects Author: Yvette Brazier. The Major Branches of Psychology How do psychologists think about and study the human mind and behavior? Psychology is such a huge topic and conveying the depth and breadth of the subject can be difficult. As a result, a number of unique and distinctive branches of psychology have emerged to deal with specific subtopics within the study of the mind, brain, and behavior.
Psychology studies and explains the behaviour of entire living organisms. The term behaviour includes the cognitive, Conative and affective, conscious, subconscious or unconscious, implicit or explicit. It also includes the behaviour of people from infancy to old age, the normal as well as abnormal. It is very difficult to understand all these aspects of behaviour in one sphere.
Hence, in order to make it convenient to study, understand and access the behaviour at different fields of life, psychology is divided into different branches.
These branches are broadly divided into two categories viz. Pure branches provide the theoretical frame work of the subject. These branches deal with formulation of principles, theories and suggest different methods for the assessment of behaviour. The pure branches also suggest certain techniques for the modification of problematic behaviour. This branch deals with the fundamental rules, principles and theories of psychology in relation to the study of behaviour of normal adult human beings.
It explains various psychological processes like sensations, perceptions, emotions, learning, intelligence, personality, etc. This branch describes the biological basis of behaviour. There is a close relationship between body and mind; the functions of each other are mutually influenced.
The functioning of the brain, nervous system, endocrine glands and their relation to cognitive, Conative and affective behaviour is explained in this branch of psychology. Human life passes through various stages of development from conception to old age.
This branch explains the growth and development of various processes in relation to behaviour. Childhood extends from 2 to 12 years. This is a crucial period in the life. Future life depends upon development during childhood. Growth and development will be rapid during this stage. Child psychology deals with these aspects. This branch deals with behaviour of animals. Many psychological experiments are conducted to know the functioning of mind in animals.
Animals like rats, dogs, chimpanzees, pigeons, guinea pigs, cats are some of the animals used for experimentation. Today the life is complex. The individual is facing a lot of competition and experiencing frustrations and conflicts. Constant pressures in life are leading to psychological abnormalities. Abnormal psychology deals with various kinds of mental disorders, their symptoms and causes. Human being is a social animal.
Naturally the behaviour of an individual is influenced by society and in turn influences the society. Social psychology deals with interrelationships of people among themselves, likes and dislikes of people, attitudes and interests, the prejudices and social distances people have, group behaviour, group cohesiveness, group conflicts, etc.
Some of the psychological experiences are beyond the reach of 5 sense organs. That is why they are called extra sensory perceptions ESP or sixth sense. Some of the phenomena studied in ESP are as follows:. This is referred to as television, which is seeing the distant things mentally. We perceive at times some situations or things without the help of our eyes. In total — seeing things which happen beyond our visual field through mind is called clairvoyance.
Transformations of emotions from one person to another person who is in a far of place. For example, a person who is in death bed remembering his close relative may be experienced by the concerned person who is far away from him. Moving the objects without direct contact through power of mind is called Psychokinesis.
For example, in Mahabharata, Shakuni could move dice with his power of mind. Knowing the future happenings well in advance. At times people will gain the knowledge of future called precognition. For example, some accident or disaster that may take place after sometime will be known before time. This is otherwise called rebirth.
There are some instances reported where people remember their previous life details. There are some reports that the souls of dead people are contacted through people called Mediums. These Mediums use a plate called Planchette or Ouija board and establish contact with souls.
Applied branches deal with the application of psychological principles and techniques for approaching the problems in different fields of life. This is the most important field where psychological principles are applied. Other aspects like management, teachers, teaching and learning aids are all meant for learners. Learners differ in their abilities, hence they need different approaches of teaching, learning material, etc. This branch addresses to the problems and improvement in teaching and learning processes.
This branch deals with the therapeutic aspect of mental disorders. There are many types of mental illness requiring varied types of therapies like chemotherapy, psychotherapy, recreational and occupational therapies, behaviour therapy, etc. Human beings are different from machines. They will have many problems in their work place like adjustment, safety, security, health, financial and such other problems.
Both the management and workers need to cooperate in dealing with such problems. Industrial psychology seeks application of psychological principles, theories and techniques for the study of all these problems and the industrial environment.
Mental disorders may not be completely and easily cured just by drugs and other physical therapies. In addition to other therapies, these patients need counselling also. Counselling is a process in which an interaction takes place between a trained counselor and a client.
This branch also helps people to overcome adjustment problems. In this way, psychology has broadened its scope today and gaining more and more importance.
It may be expected that in days to come, there cannot be any field of life without the application of psychological principles. Particularly in the field of medicine, for doctors and nurses the knowledge of psychology is very useful and also essential.