Apr 15, †Ј Learning to write sheet music is a valuable skill if you want to transpose the beautiful complexity of the music you're hearing in your head, or working out on an instrument, and give it to other people to play. Fortunately, computer. Music marketing: Tools to build your audience Don't just release music Ч get noticed! Turn casual fans into email subscribers, Spotify followers, YouTube viewers, and more. CD Baby gives you powerful tools that can instantly amp up your music promotion.
CD Pressing. CD Printing. CD Packaging. CD Pressing is only half of what we do. Full CD Production services hwo a variety of CD packaging solutions, from album cases to digipaks and card wallets.
Need high quality CD packaging? We have the products you desire. We pride ourselves on our extensive knowledge of all aspects of the CD Manufacturing process and we can answer all of your questions. Low cost CD production in one of the largest factories in Europe. We have been providing CD Pressing services for over 28 years. We have built up an extensive client list from small bands to major record companies who trust us with their CD production needs.
CD Manufacturing made easy. Below you will find links to our CD manufacturing prices, we have split the prices into muzic sections to simplify finding the product you need. These package rates are for our most popular products with prices from Ч units on most products. Of course we can supply a huge array of other types of CD pressing packaging and larger quantities.
CD In Album Cases. CD In Card Wallet. Ideal for your own bespoke packaging. CD Replication supplied in Card Wallet.
CD Replication supplied in card DigiSleeve with options to add booklets. CD Replication supplied in card Digifile with options to add booklets.
Because of the complexity in producing a stamper using the glass mastering process, and the time involved in setting up large CD pressing and CD printing machines it is not economical to manufacture CD runs of less than units.
We are one of the only European CD replication companies producing runs less than discs. Many of our clients are new to the CD manufacturing process, so below you will find answers to frequently asked questions about the CD production process. You will also find more detailed information on the individual types of CD packaging on the associated product page.
Under the CD package rates prices you will find a link to download the specifications. We prefer to receive high-resolution PDF artwork files, but can fd artwork in other formats. We advise that you how to cancel solo mobile contract with us before sending in non-PDF file types to make sure we can how to write a music cd your files.
If we need to make minor adjustments to artwork for bleed, positioning or adding barcodes, we will normally make these changes free of cost. If we edit your artwork we will provide a full set of PDF muxic for approval. We xd an approval of these proofs before we can start CD manufacturing.
If a large amount of editing is required to make the artwork fit the specification this may incur additional artwork charges.
We will advise you of how to get booked on oprah cost of any artwork charges before we proceed with CD production. We can add an EAN 13 barcode to your artwork free of charge. Our minimum size for a barcode is 25 x We advise leaving a 2 -3mm gutter from the edge of the panel.
If you need a precise placement of the barcode you can add a white box of muzic minimum size of 25 x We strongly advise barcodes are printed as black only on a white background.
Once the barcode has been added we will send you a proof to check that you are happy with the placement. We can do A4 and A3 proofs, please contact us for prices. You will need to allow additional time for us to create the proofs, send them to you, and for you to return them to us. We would normally recommend adding 4 working days to the CD Manufacturing turnaround if you require contract proofs.
As hpw of our CD printing is produced on large printing presses, it is not economical to set the machines up to produce a one-off copy of the printed parts. Without a contract proofs our printers will print to weight. The What day did the stock market crash 1929 image has quickly become the preferred format for supplying CD masters by professional mastering engineers.
Please make sure you have received a reference CD-R or have been supplied appropriate software so you can check your DDP Image prior to supplying to us muslc glass mastering. Make wrlte the disc is free of scratches, dust or fingerprints. Once the master has been written, please listen to the disc all the way msic to make sure it is correct.
Once the disc has been checked we recommend packing it into either a CD album case or DVD box to protect the disc. Your CD master will go through an inspection and testing process prior to glass mastering. This process will check that the disc is free from errors due to a writing fault, physical damage or if a disc is not Red Book Standard.
This inspection will not detect any glitches, fd or distortions that are on the original audio files used to write the master. Wrte is why it is important to check the writd all the way through before submitting for CD manufacturing. Once we have created your CD master we will send you a DDP file with a custom media player for you to download so you can check that you are happy with the master.
If we are creating your CD master please add 2 Ч 4 days to the standard turnaround time. Please note how is water transported from the roots to the leaves we do not adjust the EQ or dynamics when creating your master. Once you are ready to place an order you can go to our ordering page and select the product you want from the selection. The order form has some questions that are quite technical, if you are unsure of how to answer those, leave the section blank and we will get in touch if we need calcification.
We do not invoice or take mysic until your master and artwork have been checked and approved for production. We advise submitting an order from before sending artwork or masters for checking as this gives the details we need how to make your own website yahoo answers know check the artwork is to the correct specification and we can get you on our system.
Once we receive your master and artwork to our specifications, CD production time is approximately 14 Ч 16 days for delivery of your CD pressing in album cases and card wallets, for Digi products allow 16 Ч 18 days.
These are real calendar days and not working days. If you plan on placing an order around bank holidays, Christmas, or the during the summer period lead muzic may increase depending on demand. It is important to note that day 1 of production does not start until we have approved all artwork and masters, we are unable to place jobs into production until all parts have been received and checked.
If we have to do any editing to your artwork, such as adding writr or barcodes, we will need to send you PDF proofs for approval. Until these proofs have been approved we can not commence with the CD manufacturing. We will require approval before we can commence with CD manufacturing. Manufacturing is a physical process involving many elements and stages. It is rare but every month we will reject 1 Ч 3 lots of product that will go back for a re-print. This will cause a delay.
When setting a release date, especially if it is your first time, allow a minimum two week contingency. We do not cover any consequential losses due to delays in manufacturing. All of our products are delivered by courier, this can be any time between AM Ч PM, unfortunately we are unable to give an exact time of delivery as this will depend on what what is the value of a higher education deliveries the couriers have in your area that day.
If you delivery is coming on a pallet, the couriers will contact you by phone 24 hours prior to delivery to make sure someone will be available to receive the goods.
If no one is available to accept the items on the day of delivery, the courier may charge for re-deliveries. If you need to change how to write a music cd delivery address of your order, we will require the new address 4 days prior to delivery.
Once the goods are in transit it may be possible to change the delivery address, however, this may be what does partially hydrogenated mean to an additional charge. In some situations we can not change the delivery address for items after despatch.
Once we have checked that your artwork and master are to our specifications we will place the job into production and send you an invoice, we do not invoice or take payment until all musuc are approved. We can accept payment by bank transfer and our bank details will be included in the invoice email, we can also accept debit card or credit card payments taken over the phone.
Please note that we can not despatch your how does it take to digest food until we have received full payment. For orders from Councils, universities, schools and other public organisations, all we need is a purchase order to get your order into production.
However, we can produce a wide range of other packaging and larger quantities. So whatever you are looking for, we are pretty sure we can supply it. If you have any technical queries on supplying artwork or masters, one of our team of advisers will be able to answer all of your questions. If you would like us to send you a sample of some our the previous products we have manufactured, please fill in the form at the top of the page and we would be more than happy to send you a sample to check out yourself.
General Information. Templates and Supplying Artwork Files. Adding A Barcode. Colour Proofs. Placing An Order. Turaround Time. Disc-Only Card-Wallet. Payment taken over the phone.
Our bank details are sent with the invoice. We do this because we are certain that you will be impressed with the quality of our work. Contact Us. Click here to download PDF copy.
Finding Inspiration to Write a Song
Feb 06, †Ј Community Dashboard Write an Article Request a New Article More Ideas EDIT. Edit this Article PRO. Courses but don't want to pay for songs on iTunes that you already have on CD? You can copy any of your music CDs to your computer in iTunes, and then sync those songs to your iPod touch. Best of all, it won't cost you a penny. "I Write Sins Not Tragedies" is Panic! at the Disco's first single to have a music video, and the video published on July 18, ("The Only Difference Between Martyrdom and Suicide Is Press Coverage" was the first single, but no video was filmed.)The video for the song takes place at a strange, circus-themed wedding played by the Lucent Dossier Vaudeville Cirque. Experience great music with the JENSEN CD, a compact portable stereo music system with Bluetooth connectivity, a top-loading CD player that plays CD-R/RW discs and FM radio. Link up your Bluetooth device, and wirelessly play your music from up to 33 ft. away.
The compact disc CD is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony to store and play digital audio recordings. It was released in branded as Digital Audio Compact Disc. Standard CDs have a diameter of millimetres 4.
Capacity is routinely extended to 80 minutes and MiB by arranging more data closely on the same sized disc. The Mini CD has various diameters ranging from 60 to 80 millimetres 2.
At the time of the technology's introduction in , a CD could store much more data than a personal computer hard disk drive , which would typically hold 10 MB. By , hard drives commonly offered as much storage space as a thousand CDs, while their prices had plummeted to commodity level.
By , billion CDs had been sold worldwide. A CD is made from 1. The inner program area occupies a radius from 25 to 58 mm. A thin layer of aluminum or, more rarely, gold is applied to the surface, making it reflective. The metal is protected by a film of lacquer normally spin coated directly on the reflective layer. The label is printed on the lacquer layer, usually by screen printing or offset printing.
CD data is represented as tiny indentations known as pits , encoded in a spiral track moulded into the top of the polycarbonate layer. The areas between pits are known as lands. Each pit is approximately nm deep by nm wide, and varies from nm to 3. When playing an audio CD, a motor within the CD player spins the disc to a scanning velocity of 1.
The track on the CD begins at the inside and spirals outward so a disc played from beginning to end slows its rotation rate during playback. The program area is With a scanning speed of 1. A disc with data packed slightly more densely is tolerated by most players though some old ones fail. Using a linear velocity of 1. A CD is read by focusing a nm wavelength near infrared semiconductor laser through the bottom of the polycarbonate layer.
The change in height between pits and lands results in a difference in the way the light is reflected. Because the pits are indented into the top layer of the disc and are read through the transparent polycarbonate base, the pits form bumps when read.
This causes partial cancellation of the laser's reflection from the surface. By measuring the reflected intensity change with a photodiode , a modulated signal is read back from the disc. To accommodate the spiral pattern of data, the laser is placed on a mobile mechanism within the disc tray of any CD player.
This mechanism typically takes the form of a sled that moves along a rail. The sled can be driven by a worm gear or linear motor. Where a worm gear is used, a second shorter-throw linear motor, in the form of a coil and magnet, makes fine position adjustments to track eccentricities in the disk at high speed.
Some CD drives particularly those manufactured by Philips during the s and early s use a swing arm similar to that seen on a gramophone. This mechanism allows the laser to read information from the center to the edge of a disc without having to interrupt the spinning of the disc itself. The pits and lands do not directly represent the 0's and 1's of binary data. Instead, non-return-to-zero, inverted encoding is used: a change from either pit to land or land to pit indicates a 1, while no change indicates a series of 0's.
There must be at least 2, and no more than 10 0's between each 1, which is defined by the length of the pit. This, in turn, is decoded by reversing the eight-to-fourteen modulation used in mastering the disc, and then reversing the cross-interleaved ReedЧSolomon coding , finally revealing the raw data stored on the disc.
CDs are susceptible to damage during handling and from environmental exposure. Pits are much closer to the label side of a disc, enabling defects and contaminants on the clear side to be out of focus during playback.
Consequently, CDs are more likely to suffer damage on the label side of the disc. Scratches on the clear side can be repaired by refilling them with similar refractive plastic or by careful polishing.
The data integrity of compact discs can be measured using surface error scanning , which is able to measure the rates of different types of data errors, known as C1 , C2 , CU and extended finer-grain error measurements known as E11 , E12 , E21 , E22 , E31 and E32 , of which higher rates indicate a possibly damaged or unclean data surface, low media quality, deteriorating media and recordable media written to by a malfunctioning CD writer.
Error scanning can reliably predict data losses caused by media deteriorating. Support of error scanning varies among vendors and models of optical disc drives , and extended error scanning known as "advanced error scanning" in Nero DiscSpeed has only been available on Plextor and some BenQ optical drives so far, as of The digital data on a CD begins at the center of the disc and proceeds toward the edge, which allows adaptation to the different size formats available.
Standard CDs are available in two sizes. By far, the most common is millimetres 4. Discs are 1. The official Philips history says this capacity was specified by Sony executive Norio Ohga to be able to contain the entirety of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony on one disc. The adoption of EFM in June allowed 30 percent more playing time that would have resulted in 97 minutes for mm diameter or 74 minutes for a disc as small as mm. Instead, however, the information density was lowered by 30 percent to keep the playing time at 74 minutes.
The format is a two-channel bit PCM encoding at a Four-channel sound was to be an allowable option within the Red Book format, but has never been implemented. Monaural audio has no existing standard on a Red Book CD; thus, the mono source material is usually presented as two identical channels in a standard Red Book stereo track i.
CD-Text is an extension of the Red Book specification for an audio CD that allows for the storage of additional text information e. The information is stored either in the lead-in area of the CD, where there is roughly five kilobytes of space available or in the subcode channels R to W on the disc, which can store about 31 megabytes.
These six bits store the graphics information. This extra data is stored in subcode channels R-W. Introduced in , it was developed by Sony and Philips, the same companies that created the Red Book. CD- MIDI is a format used to store music-performance data, which upon playback is performed by electronic instruments that synthesize the audio. For the first few years of its existence, the CD was a medium used purely for audio. However, in , the Yellow Book CD-ROM standard was established by Sony and Philips, which defined a non-volatile optical data computer data storage medium using the same physical format as audio compact discs, readable by a computer with a CD-ROM drive.
Overall picture quality is intended to be comparable to VHS video. Poorly compressed VCD video can sometimes be lower quality than VHS video, but VCD exhibits block artifacts rather than analog noise and does not deteriorate further with each use. This approximates the overall resolution of an analog VHS tape, which, although it has double the number of vertical scan lines, has a much lower horizontal resolution.
While no specific limit on SVCD video length is mandated by the specification, one must lower the video bit rate, and therefore quality, to accommodate very long videos.
It is usually difficult to fit much more than minutes of video onto one SVCD without incurring significant quality loss, and many hardware players are unable to play video with an instantaneous bit rate lower than to kilobits per second. Launched in , the discs were designed to hold nearly high-quality images, scanned prints and slides using special proprietary encoding. They are intended to play on CD-i players, Photo CD players, and any computer with suitable software irrespective of operating system.
The images can also be printed out on photographic paper with a special Kodak machine. The Philips Green Book specifies a standard for interactive multimedia compact discs designed for CD-i players This format was supposed to be more compatible with older audio CD players.
Enhanced Music CD, also known as CD Extra or CD Plus, is a format which combines audio tracks and data tracks on the same disc by putting audio tracks in a first session and data in a second session. It was developed by Philips and Sony, and it is defined in the Blue Book.
VinylDisc is the hybrid of a standard audio CD and the vinyl record. The vinyl layer on the disc's label side can hold approximately three minutes of music. In , material costs were 30 cents for the jewel case and 10 to 15 cents for the CD.
This was done because the apparent value increased. The incremental cost, though, to produce an MP3 is negligible. A photosensitive dye is then applied, after which the discs are metalized and lacquer-coated. The write laser of the CD recorder changes the color of the dye to allow the read laser of a standard CD player to see the data, just as it would with a standard stamped disc.
CD-Rs follow the Orange Book standard. CD-R recordings are designed to be permanent. Over time, the dye's physical characteristics may change causing read errors and data loss until the reading device cannot recover with error correction methods. Errors can be predicted using surface error scanning. The design life is from 20 to years, depending on the quality of the discs, the quality of the writing drive, and storage conditions.
The recordable audio CD is designed to be used in a consumer audio CD recorder. CD-RW is a re-recordable medium that uses a metallic alloy instead of a dye. The write laser, in this case, is used to heat and alter the properties amorphous vs. The Red Book audio specification, except for a simple "anti-copy" statement in the subcode, does not include any copy protection mechanism. Known at least as early as ,  attempts were made by record companies to market "copy-protected" non-standard compact discs, which cannot be ripped , or copied, to hard drives or easily converted to other formats like FLAC , MP3 or Vorbis.
Philips has stated that such discs are not permitted to bear the trademarked Compact Disc Digital Audio logo because they violate the Red Book specifications. Numerous copy-protection systems have been countered by readily available, often free, software, or even by simply turning off automatic AutoPlay to prevent the running of the DRM executable program.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Compact Disc. Digital optical disc data storage format. The readable surface of a compact disc includes a spiral track wound tightly enough to cause light to diffract into a full visible spectrum. Optical disc Optical disc drive Optical disc authoring Authoring software Recording technologies Recording modes Packet writing Burst cutting area. Optical media types.